This UK Census collection gives details on the records of all those enumerated in the 1871 Census of England and Wales. The United Kingdom Census of 1871 recorded the people residing in every household on the night of 2 April 1871, and was the fourth of the UK censuses to include details of household members. The 1871 format of the census was identical to the previous census.

TheGenealogist provides fully transcribed records and links to the actual images of the 1871 Census, reproduced by courtesy of The National Archives, London, England.

The 1871 Census for England was taken on the night of 2 April 1871. Forms had been distributed to people a few days earlier and were collected on the 2 April. All responses were to reflect the individual's status as of 2 April 1871 for all individuals who had spent the night in the house. People who were traveling or living abroad were enumerated at the location where they spent the night on census night. All of the details from the individual forms were later sorted and copied into enumerators’ books.

Information in the 1871 Census records:

  • Name of road or street and house number or name
  • Whether house or property inhabited or uninhabited
  • Name and surname of each person in the property
  • Their relationship to head of the household
  • Their marital status if applicable
  • The person’s Age at last birthday (and their gender indicated by column in which age is recorded)
  • Person’s rank, profession or occupation
  • Where they were born
  • Whether blind, deaf, or dumb, imbecile or lunatic.

Case Study: Earl Shaftesbury 1871 Census Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury was born in London in 1801. He became a renowned English politican, philanthropist and social reformer who campaigned to reform the Lunacy Laws, the employment of women and children in mines and the use of boys as chimney sweeps. He was elected as the Tory Member of Parliament for Woodstock and was a strong supporter of the Duke of Wellington. On the 1871 Census, we find Earl Shaftesbury living at 24 Grosvenor Square, Central London with his daughter, Lady Victoria Ashley.

Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury 1871 Census Search
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury 1871 Census Transcript
Anthony Ashley Cooper, 7th Earl of Shaftesbury 1871 Census Image
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