The total population was declared to be 17,922,768 from this census. For the first time in a census, each householder was required to complete a census schedule giving the address of the household, the names, ages, sex, occupations and places of birth of each individual residing in his or her accommodation.
In the 1851 Census, householders were asked to give more precise details of the places of birth of each resident, to state their relationship to him or her, marital status and the nature of any disabilities from which they may have suffered.
The enumerator then collected the census schedules and these were copied into census enumerators' books. The way these are grouped may mean that a road is split over several folios with other streets in between. In this case the street indexes should list a series of folio references.
To summarise, The 1851 Census can provide us with the following information for use in our family history research:
- Where our ancestors were living
- Who they were living with
- What their ages were at the time of the census
- If they had any brothers and sisters
- What their occupations were
- If they had any servants
- Who their neighbours were
- If they had any disabilities
See the top surnames, forenames and occupations in the 1851 Census: