On Saturday 5 October 1867, a letter entitled ‘Mud Larks,’ appeared in the South London Press. Addressed to the editor, it expressed concern over a group of ‘urchins’ who ‘have been wont daily to stand at low water above their knees in the thick mud left by the tide’ on the Surrey side of the Thames. The ‘larks’ in question had been haranguing passers-by to ‘heave over a copper’ so that they could amuse onlookers by locating the money in the mud and claim it as their prize. According to the anonymous letter writer, ‘the sight is a disgusting one’, not because of the inherent dangers of a group of unsupervised small children next to a large, and at that time filthy, body of water; but because the writer ‘cannot help thinking that if the copper-throwers would throw their pence in the clean water&hellip they would be encouraging a more decent performance&hellip a good wash, and probably by familiarising them with the water, render them, instead of filthy objects, with mud-covered legs, arms and faces, good swimmers and useful divers’.
Fire! Fire!When the Great Fire of London broke out in Pudding Lane on 2 September 1666, no one could have imagined that it would destroy 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St Paul’s Cathedral, and most of the City’s civic buildings. Perhaps 70,000 people lost their homes. There were relatively few recorded deaths, although it is likely that, in the chaos, many went unrecorded. Foreigners and Catholics were indiscriminately blamed for the fire, and there are claims that many were lynched in the streets. It might be added that many of London’s parish registers and other records were lost in the blaze.
Tales of a father killing his children – or his wife and children – make the newspapers more than they should in modern times. They are newsworthy because they are so abhorrent: we still have traditional views about a father’s role as loving protector of his family, working hard to ensure that they are safe, so when he subverts this stereotype to destroy his family, the press and public alike are both repelled and fascinated.
Edinburgh’s port town of Leith was an independent burgh until it was amalgamated with Scotland’s capital city in November 1920. Nicola Lisle explores the town’s history, from its industrial heyday to 20th century decline and regeneration, and looks back at that controversial merger
TheGenealogist has launched the complete set of all Anglican records for Wales held by the consortium of Welsh archives. This major release contains eight million parish records, listing over 14.5 million individuals, with images of the original registers. </p> <p>Mark Bayley, Head of Online Content at TheGenealogist said: ‘We are very excited to be releasing parish records for all 13 historic Welsh counties. We’re thankful for the input of Welsh records experts from the archives, to make sure that we have accurate parish and place names. This will make it much easier for researchers to find records that they may have experienced difficulties with trying to find elsewhere. </p> <p>‘TheGenealogist’s keyword search makes it surprisingly easy to find the record you’re after and SmartSearch allows you to find families in the registers.
In the October issue we examined the importance of animal skins to early man and the leather/fur clothes and accessories worn in Anglo-Saxon England. Subsequently the leather-working industry advanced, becoming a key occupation, with leather goods essential to medieval life.
Norfolk was settled in pre- Roman times. The Iceni tribe inhabited the county from the 1st century BC to the end of the 1st century AD. The Iceni revolted against the Roman invasion in 47 AD, and again in 60 AD led by Boudicca. The crushing of the second rebellion opened the county to the Romans. During the Roman era roads and ports were constructed throughout the county.
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