From the 13th century right up until 1971, the court system in England and Wales consisted of three main types – Petty Sessions, where minor offences were heard, Quarter Sessions and Assizes, with the same system existing in Scotland until 1975. Quarter Sessions were the second tier of the system – local county and borough courts, held four times a year. Generally, they were held in each county seat, such as in Oxford or Gloucester.
Apprenticeships have a long history, and had become very popular by the 14th century. To become an apprentice, the parents or guardians of the minor would speak with a guild’s master craftsman to agree the conditions and price, which would then be recorded in an indenture. The apprentice would usually learn for 5-9 years, depending on the trade and the agreed contract. The typical apprenticeship lasted from age 14 to 21.
The former British West Indies are among a chain of volcanic and coral islands stretching from Florida to Venezuela across the Caribbean Sea. They include Anguilla, Antigua, Bahamas, Barbados, the British Virgin Islands, the Cayman Islands, Dominica, Grenada, Jamaica, Montserrat, St Kitts and Nevis, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, and the Turks and Caicos Islands.
Knowing how to use search engines is a skill in itself - although we all expect to simply throw in a name, click a button and get the right results, there are techniques which can help. Many search engines – including Google – offer a wealth of 'hidden’ features for refining your results (or widening them). This is very much the case with the incredibly powerful Master Search at leading data website www.thegenealogist.co.uk
Historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire, the history of Leeds can be traced to the 5th century when the Kingdom of Elmet was covered by the forest of ‘Loidis’. Leeds was a manor and township in the large ancient parish of Leeds St Peter, in the Skyrack wapentake. The Borough of Leeds was created in 1207; four centuries later, the inhabitants petitioned Charles I for a charter of incorporation, which was granted in 1626 and incorporated the entire parish, including all 11 townships, as the Borough of Leeds.
After 12 January 1858 the administration of wills for England and Wales was taken over by government. Wills were proved, and letters of administration granted, by local probate ofﬁces. These were sent to the Principal Probate Registry, now known as Principal Registry of the Family Division, London. The indexes or 'calendars’ are now available to view in several places and in different formats.
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Tell a friend: we hope you enjoyed this issue of Discover Your Ancestors Periodical so much so that you will tell all your friends and family. Looking ahead: We would like to hear your views and family history stories: please write to [email protected]. In the next issue, look out for features on Petty Sessions, exploring local history, parish baptism records and more!Look out for Issue 7 of the Periodical at the end of October!
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