For centuries, tea has been a much-loved beverage and a major influence on British culture, from architecture, design and fashion to manufacturing and marketing: it has even changed the course of history. Enjoyed by millions down the generations, tea-drinking is an important domestic and social ritual, a British institution.
The year 1915 saw Britain face a previously unknown threat: air raids upon its civilian population. The use of aircraft in war was nothing new at this point: hot air balloons had been used for observation and to distribute propaganda as early as the Napoleonic wars, and aeroplanes were involved in the Italo-Turkish war of 1911-12 as a means of bombardment. The First World War saw this technology being used on a much wider scale than ever before, however, and the strategic attack by air of targets away from the main battlefields brought the war home to civilians in an entirely new way.
The 18th century marks the beginning of the concept of Modernism in Europe; and in Great Britain the beginnings of the Industrial Revolution were already becoming noticeable. Many future-oriented inventions were introduced in this period, such as the steam engine and the mechanical loom. An example of the expression of social development in England is the introduction of landscape gardens, which were first developed around London by the nobility, poets and artists, as well as politicians with liberal attitudes. As early as the middle of the 18th century, so-called ‘garden tourism’ became popular when these gardens were opened to the general public.
Make a note in your diary: The Family History Show York and London are on track to be fantastic events for family historians to visit this summer. Taking place at the York Racecourse on 24 of June and at Sandown Park Racecourse in Esher on 24 September 2017, these events aimed at family historians are growing all the time and the availability of the reasonably priced tables are rapidly running out. Both events are sponsored by TheGenealogist and organised by Discover Your Ancestors.
Pockets may seem a humble part of dress but, as a repository for personal belongings, our ancestors’ pockets can be very enlightening, revealing much about them. In the Middle Ages, pouches carrying important items were suspended from girdles and belts, but during the 16th century pockets were introduced into men’s trunk hose and, afterwards, into breeches. During the later 1600s and 1700s breeches and coats both featured pockets, fashionable coat pockets chiefly ornamental: however they might be functional; for instance, the physician’s coat pockets contained his stethoscope and pills. Pockets increasingly served a practical role, carrying the tools of the wearer’s trade, from the jobbing carpenter’s saw or decorator’s paintbrush, to the barber’s scissors. The pocket contents of female tradeswomen also reflected their occupation, as did the internal hanging ‘poacher’s pockets’ of labourers’ and artisans’ smocks. In the 1800s the machine-made pockets of working jackets and coats could carry implements, as well as the wearer’s lunch for the day, and capacious pockets characterised the bib-and-brace overalls worn by later farm and workshop workers.
The trade route past Worcester, which later formed part of the Roman Ryknild Street, dates to Neolithic times. The position commanded a ford over the River Severn (the river was tidal past Worcester prior to public works projects in the 1840s) and was fortified by the Britons around 400BC. Using charcoal from the Forest of Dean, the Romans operated pottery kilns and ironworks at their settlement here.
This in-depth guide from Irish genealogy expert Claire Santry will take you step-by-step through the journey of discovering your Irish roots. You’ll learn how to identify immigrant ancestor, find your family’s county and townland of origin, and locate key genealogical resources that will breathe life into your family tree. With historical timelines, sample records, resource lists, and detailed information about where and how to find your ancestors online, this guide has everything you need to uncover your Irish heritage.
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