The traditional garden would be enclosed by high walls, with possibly an orchard alongside. It would have hothouses capable of supplying its owner with figs, grapes, peaches, melons and nectarines, as well as forced vegetables and exotic pot plants. Gardens like this were the rule, rather than the exception in all proper country establishments before the Second World War. – Susan Campbell, Cottesbrooke, An English Kitchen Garden
During the 150-year period from 1680 to 1830, the production of leather and leather goods was, by value, the second most important industry in England after textiles, and one of the largest employers outside agriculture. Animal hides were converted into such everyday articles as boots, shoes, clogs, harnesses, saddles, breeches, aprons, gloves, bags, cases and bottles, and for use in industry for bellows and belting. Book binders were also important customers for fine leather.
In this case study we look at William Fortune and his young wife who set out for a new life in New South Wales, departing from London on 13 February 1841 on board the ship the Jane Gifford, as revealed in the recently-added passenger list records at data site TheGenealogist.co.uk.
Freemasonry, a fraternal society with origins in English 14th-century guilds of stonemasons, is often associated with conspiracy theories (the most recent being that members scuppered the inquiry into Titanic’s sinking), cultish secret handshakes and blackballing ceremonies. Certainly, the organisation has been highly secretive in the past, demanding members keep others’ secrets and not talk openly about its beliefs and rituals. In recent years, though, there has been a drive towards openness and honesty, and it is hoped that what freemasons see as scapegoating of the fraternity and the general public’s perceptions of lodges as houses of cliques and corruption will diminish ahead of the movement’s 300-year anniversary in 2017.
Oxfordshire was recorded as a county in the early years of the 10th century and is situated on land between the River Thames to the south, the Cotswolds to the west, the Chilterns to the east and the Midlands to the north, with areas running south to Henley-on-Thames and north to Banbury.
British looked back to their origins they saw the looming mythological figure of Brutus of Troy. Landing at Totnes in Devon, Brutus overthrew the giants who lived in Britain, laid the foundations of Oxford University and London and sired a long line of kings, including King Arthur and the ancestors of the present Royal Family
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